Sofie Steingraber – Zsofi Hauser (1863–1942)
Sophie Rosenthal was born in 1863 in Hohenems as the daughter of Ludwig and Amalia Rosenthal, who were first cousins. Sophie’s grandfathers, Philipp and Josef Rosenthal, were brothers and founded the company ‘Gebrüder Rosenthal’ (Rosenthal Brothers) together in 1833. At the age of 23, she married Siegmund Steingraber in Vienna. Siegmund Steingraber died in 1912.
Sophie obtained a Hungarian passport through her marriage to the rabbi Ignatz Hauser, who was the administrator of the rabbinate in Hohenems between 1914 and 1917. In 1919 she requested reimbursement of the right of abode in Hohenems.
She attained the resumption of residence in Hohenems only in 1922 with the help of her father Ludwig, who renounced his ‘certificate of residence’ in favour his daughter receiving one. She lived there with the Runge family in an appartment in the Elkan-Haus (Elkan House) until 1940.
In 1940, Sophie Steingraber and her cousin Clara Heyman were deported to Vienna. The Nazi authorities housed her with her siblings Josefine and Philipp in Malzgasse 9. On July 28, 1942, she was deported from Vienna to the Theresienstadt concentration camp. According to the database of the Documentation Centre of Austrian Resistance, she was brought from Theresienstadt to Treblinka with the transport Bq-1770 (AT) on September 23, 1942, approximately two months after her arrival in Theresienstadt. The Theresienstadt concentration camp register of deaths contrastingly indicates that she was deported to Maly Trostinec. Regardless, she didn’t experience the liberation of the camps and died in an extermination camp.